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Linux下Apache日志分析工具--AWStats安装使用
linux宝库 收集整理  作者:张宴  时间:2007-09-06  收藏本站


来自:linux宝库
联系:linuxmine#gmail.com
分类:[apache]
baidu

1、事先安装好Apache

2、安装awstats的命令(将awstats安装在/opt/awstats目录)
mkdir -p /var/lib/awstats
cd /opt
wget http://www.awstats.cn/files/awstats-6.6.tar.gz
tar zxvf awstats-6.6.tar.gz
mv awstats-6.6 awstats
cd awstats/tools/
perl awstats_configure.pl

3、Perl脚本awstats_configure.pl安装过程(以下内容引用AWStats英文使用说明)

(1)
-----> Running OS detected: Linux, BSD or Unix
Warning: AWStats standard directory on Linux OS is '/usr/local/awstats'.
If you want to use standard directory, you should first move all content
of AWStats distribution from current directory:
/opt/awstats
to standard directory:
/usr/local/awstats
And then, run configure.pl from this location.
Do you want to continue setup from this NON standard directory [yN] ?

这时选择y回车。

(2)
-----> Check for web server install

Enter full config file path of your Web server.
Example: /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
Example: /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Example: c:\Program files\apache group\apache\conf\httpd.conf
Config file path ('none' to skip web server setup):

第一次使用请输入Apache的httpd.conf路径,例如/opt/sina/apache/conf/httpd.conf
以后如果再使用perl awstats_configure.pl生成配置文件,则可以输入none跳过。

(3)
-----> Check and complete web server config file '/opt/sina/apache/conf/httpd.conf'
Warning: You Apache config file contains directives to write 'common' log files
This means that some features can't work (os, browsers and keywords detection).
Do you want me to setup Apache to write 'combined' log files [y/N] ?

选择y,将日志记录方式由CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile common改为更详细的CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile combined

(4)
-----> Update model config file '/opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.model.conf'
File awstats.model.conf updated.

-----> Need to create a new config file ?
Do you want me to build a new AWStats config/profile
file (required if first install) [y/N] ?

创建一个新的配置文件,选择y

(5)
-----> Define config file name to create
What is the name of your web site or profile analysis ?
Example: www.mysite.com
Example: demo
Your web site, virtual server or profile name:
>

输入站点名称,例如sina

(6)
-----> Define config file path
In which directory do you plan to store your config file(s) ?
Default: /etc/awstats
Directory path to store config file(s) (Enter for default):
>

输入AWStats配置文件存放路径,一般直接回车则使用默认路径/etc/awstats

(7)
-----> Add update process inside a scheduler
Sorry, configure.pl does not support automatic add to cron yet.
You can do it manually by adding the following command to your cron:
/opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=sina
Or if you have several config files and prefer having only one command:
/opt/awstats/tools/awstats_updateall.pl now
Press ENTER to continue...

按回车键继续

(8)
A SIMPLE config file has been created: /opt/awstats/etc/awstats.sina.conf
You should have a look inside to check and change manually main parameters.
You can then manually update your statistics for 'sina' with command:
> perl awstats.pl -update -config=sina
You can also read your statistics for 'sina' with URL:
> http://localhost/awstats/awstats.pl?config=sina

Press ENTER to finish...

按回车键结束


4、修改awstats.sina.conf配置
vi /etc/awstats/awstats.sina.conf

按?,在之后输入要搜索的内容LogFile="
然后按Ins键,找到LogFile="/var/log/httpd/access_log"
改为要分析的Apache日志路径与文件名。

(1)多日志合并分析(例:新浪播客其中两台服务器2月6日的日志30.0206.vblog.log与31.0206.vblog.log)
LogFile="/opt/awstats/tools/logresolvemerge.pl /var/apachelogs/30.0206.vblog.log /var/apachelogs/31.0206.vblog.log|"

LogFile="/opt/awstats/tools/logresolvemerge.pl /var/apachelogs/*.0206.vblog.log|"

(2)分析使用gzip压缩过的日志文件
LogFile="gzip -d

5、更新分析报告
perl /opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -config=sina -update

如果出现以下错误提示,很大可能是Apache的Log文件中存在以前CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile common生成的日志,删除掉这些行的日志即可:
This means each line in your web server log file need to have "combined log format" like this:
111.22.33.44 - - [10/Jan/2001:02:14:14 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 1234 "http://www.fromserver.com/from.htm" "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)"


6、查看分析报告
http://localhost/awstats/awstats.pl?config=sina

这里的sina对应/etc/awstats/awstats.sina.conf中的sina


附:
(1)参考资料:AWStats logfile analyzer 6.6 Documentation -- AWStats Installation, Configuration and Reporting (http://www.awstats.cn/docs/awstats_setup.html)
(2)测试环境:在DELL PowerEdge 2950 服务器+CentOS 4.4 Linux操作系统+Apache 2.0.59下测试通过。
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